Observer Data Usage - North Pacific

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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(last updated 17-Feb-2016)
 

A

Ackley, David R. and Jonathan Heifetz. 2001. Fishing Practices Under Maximum Retainable Bycatch Rates in Alaska's Groundfish Fisheries Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin 8(1):22-44.

Adlerstein, S. A., and R. J. Trumble. 1998. Pacific halibut bycatch in Pacific cod fisheries in the Bering Sea: an analysis to evaluate area-time management. J. Sea Res. 39:153-166.

 

Alaska Marine Mammal Stock Assessment Reports. 1995 (Small and DeMaster 1995), 1996 (Hill et al. 1997), 1998 (Hill & DeMaster 1998), 1999 (Hill & DeMaster 1999), 2000 (Ferrero et al. 2000), 2001 (Angliss et al. 2001), 2002 (Angliss & Lodge 2002), 2003 (Angliss & Lodge 2004), 2005 (Angliss & Outlaw 2005), 2006 (Angliss & Outlaw 2006), 2007 (Angliss & Outlaw 2008).

 

Allen, S. D., and A. Gough. 2007. Hawaii Longline Fishermen's Experiences with the Observer Program. NOAA Technical Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-8, National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center

 

An, D. H., S.-S. Kim, D.-Y. Moon, and S.-J. Hwang. 2006. A summary of the Korean tuna fishery observer programme for the Pacific Ocean in 2005. Report submitted to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, 2nd Scientific Committee Meeting, Manila, Philippines, SC2-EB-IP-3. Go to http://www.wcpfc.org/ & click on Meetings.

 

Anderson, J. D. (1993). Seabird interactions in Puget Sound purse-seine fisheries. Pacific Seabird Group 20th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington.

 

Anderson, O. 2009. Estimating Seabird Bycatch Rates in IATTC Industrial Longline Fisheries. Paper prepared for the Seabird Technical Meeting of the IATTC Stock Assessment Working Group, 11th May 2009, Del Mar, California, USA, BirdLife International, Global Seabird Programme, Sandy, UK.

 

Anderson, O., H. Booker, E. Frere, and C. Small. 2009. Data Collection Protocols for Reporting Seabird Bycatch in IATTC Industrial Longline Fisheries. Paper prepared for the Seabird Technical Meeting of the IATTC Stock Assessment Working Group, 11th May 2009, Del Mar, California, USA, BirdLife International, Global Seabird Programme, Sandy, UK.

 

Anganuzzi, A. A., and S. T. Buckland. 1989. Reducing bias in estimated trends from dolphin abundance indices derived from tuna vessel data. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 39:323-334.

 

Anganuzzi, A. A., S. T. Buckland, and K. L. Cattanach. 1991. Relative abundance of dolphins associated with tuna in the eastern tropical Pacific, estimated from tuna vessel sightings data for 1988 and 1989. Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. 41:497-506.

 

Angliss, R. P., D. P. DeMaster, and A. L. Lopez. 2001. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2001. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-124.

 

Angliss, R. P., and K. L. Lodge. 2002. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2002. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-133.

 

Angliss, R. P., and K.L. Lodge. 2004. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2003. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-144.

 

Angliss, R. P., and R. B. Outlaw. 2005. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2005. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-161.

 

Angliss, R. P., and R. B. Outlaw. 2006. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2006. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-168.

 

Angliss, R. P., and R. B. Outlaw. 2008. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2007. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-180.

 

Arata, J. A., P. R. Sievert, and M. B. Naughton. 2009. Status Assessment of Laysan and Black-footed Albatross Populations, North Pacific Ocean, 1923-2008. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5131.

 

**Archer, F., and S. J. Chivers. 2002. Age structure of the northeastern spotted dolphin incidental kill by year for 1971 to 1990 and 1996 to 2000. SWFSC Admin. Rep., La Jolla, LJ-02-12, 18 p.

 

**Aydin, K. Y., V. V. Lapko, V. I. Radchenko, and P. A. Livingston. 2002. A comparison of the eastern and western Bering Sea shelf and slop ecosystem through the use of mass-balance food web models. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-130, U.S. Dep. Commer.


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B

Balazs, G. H., S. G. Pooley, and S. K. K. Murakawa. 1995. Guidelines for handling marine turtles hooked or entangled in the Hawaii longline fishery: Results of an expert workshop held in Honolulu, Hawaii March 15-17, 1995. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-222.

 

**Barbeaux, S. J., and M. W. Dorn. 2003. Spatial and temporal analysis of eastern Bering Sea echo integration-trawl survey and catch data of walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, for 2001 and 2002. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-136, U.S. Dep. Commer.

 

Barbeaux, S. J., S. Gaichas, J. N. Ianelli, and M. W. Dorn. 2005. Evaluating biological sampling protocols for at-sea groundfish observers in Alaska. Alaska Fish. Res. Bull. 11:82-101. 1.3 MB

 

Barlow, J., and K. A. Forney. 1994. An assessment of the 1994 status of harbor porpoise in California. In Barlow et al. 1995. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-219.

 

Barlow, J., J. R. Brownell, D. P. DeMaster, K. A. Forney, M. S. Lowry, S. Osmek, T. Ragen, R. R. Reeves, and R. J. Small. 1995. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-219.

 

Barlow, J., K. A. Forney, P. S. Hill, R. Brownell, J. V. Carretta, D. P. DeMaster, Julian, M. S. Lowry, T. Ragen, and Reeves. 1997. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 1996. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-248.

 

Barlow, J., P. S. Hill, K. A. Forney, and D. P. DeMaster. 1998. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 1998. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-258.

 

**Barnhart, J.P. and G.E. Rosenkranz. 2003. Summary and analysis of onboard observer-collected data from the 1999/2000 through 2001/2002 statewide commercial weathervane scallop fishery. Regional Information Report No. 4K03-9, 128 p.

Bass, C., and A. Clemens. 2005. Annual Report on Seabird Interactions and Mitigation Efforts in the Hawaii-based Longline Fishery for Calendar Year 2004. Administrative Report AR-PIR-04-05, NMFS, Pacific Islands Region, Honolulu, Hawaii.

**Berger, J. D., R. F. Kappenman, L.-L. Low, and R. J. Marasco. 1989. Procedures for bycatch estimation of prohibited species in the 1989 Bering Sea domestic trawl fisheries. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/NWC-173, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA. 19p.

 

**Berger, J., and H. Weikart. 1989. Summary of U.S. observer sampling of foreign and joint venture fisheries in the northeast Pacific Ocean and eastern Bering Sea, 1988. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/NWC-172, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.

 

**Berger, J., and H. Weikart. 1988. Summary of U.S. observer sampling of foreign and joint venture fisheries in the northeast Pacific Ocean and eastern Bering Sea, 1987. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/NWC-148, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.

 

**Berger, J., J. Wall, and J. Russell Nelson. 1987. Summary of U.S. observer sampling of foreign and joint venture fisheries in the northeast Pacific Ocean and eastern Bering Sea, 1985. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS F/NWC-112, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.

 

**Berger, J., J. Russell Nelson, J. Wall, H. Weikart, and B. Maier. 1988. Summary of U.S. observer sampling of foreign and joint venture fisheries in the northeast Pacific Ocean and eastern Bering Sea, 1986. NMFS-F/NWC-128, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.

 

Bigelow, K., M. K. Musyl, F. Poission, and P. Kleiber. 2006. Pelagic longline gear depth and shoaling. Fish. Res. 77:173-183.

 

Bolton, A. B., J. A. Wetherall, G. H. Balazs, and S. G. Pooley. 1996. Status of marine turtles in the Pacific Ocean relevant to incidental take in the Hawaii-based pelagic longline fishery. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-230.

 

Bonfil, R. 1999. The dogfish (Squalus acanthias) fishery of British Columbia, Canada and it's management. Pages 608-655 in R. Shotton, editor. Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO, Rome. FAO Fisheries Tech. Paper No. 378.

 

**Boucher, G. C., and C. J. Boaz. 1989. Documentation for the marine mammal sightings database of the National Marine Mammal Laboratory. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/NWC-159, NMFS National Marine Mammal Lab, Seattle, WA.

 

Boyle, L., L. C. Byrne, H. Moore, and D. E. Connelly. 1998. Summary of the 1996 mandatory shellfish observer program database. Regional Info. Rep. No 4K97-51, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Kodiak, AK.

 

Branch, T. A., R. Hilborn, and E. Bogazzi. 2005. Escaping the tyranny of the grid: a more realistic way of defining fishing opportunities. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62:631-642.

 

**Brodeur, R., S. McKinnell, K. Nagasawa, W. Pearcy, V. Radchenko, and S. Takagi. 1999. Epipelagic nekton of the North Pacific subarctic and Transition Zones. Prog. Oceanogr. 43:365-397.

 

Brodziak, J. and W. A. Walsh (2013). "Model selection and multimodel inference for standardizing catch rates of bycatch species: a case study of oceanic whitetip shark in the Hawaii-based longline fishery." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70(12): 1723-1740.

 

Buckland, S. T., K. L. Cattanach, and A. A. Anganuzzi. 1992. Estimating trends in abundance of dolphins associated with tuna in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, using sightings data collected on commercial tuna vessels. Fishery Bulletin 90:1-12.

 

Buckley, M. K. 2005. Video Monitoring Aboard Bering Sea Factory Trawlers: A Pilot Study. Final report to the North Pacific Research Board, Project #R0325, Digital Observer, Inc., Kodiak, AK.

 

Bull, L. S. 2007. Reducing seabird bycatch in longline, trawl and gillnet fisheries. Fish and Fisheries 8:31-56.

 

Byrne, L. C. and D. Pengilly. 1998. Evaluation of CPUE Estimates for the 1995 Crab Fisheries of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Based on Observer Data. Fishery Stock Assessment Models. F. Funk, T. J. Q. II, J. Heifetzet al. Fairbanks, AK, Alaska Sea Grant. AK-SG-98-01.


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C

Cameron, G. 1999. Report on the effect of acoustic warning devices (pingers) on cetacean and pinniped bycatch in the California drift gillnet fishery. SWFSC Admin. Rep., La Jolla, LJ-99-08C.

 

Cameron, G., and K. A. Forney. 2000. Preliminary estimates of cetacean mortality in California/Oregon gillnet fisheries for 1999. International Whaling Commission, Scientific Committee Paper SC/52/O24.

 

Carretta, J. V., J. Barlow, K. A. Forney, M. M. Muto, and J. Baker. 2001. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2001. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-317.

 

Carretta, J. V. 2002. Preliminary estimates of cetacean mortality in gillnet fisheries for 2001. International Whaling Commission, Scientific Committee Paper SC/54/SM12, NMFS, SWFSC.

 

Carretta, J. V., M. M. Muto, J. Barlow, J. Baker, K. A. Forney, and M. S. Lowry. 2002. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2002. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-346.

 

Carretta, J. V., K. A. Forney, M. M. Muto, J. Barlow, J. Baker, and M. Lowry. 2003. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2003. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-358.

 

Carretta, J. V., and S. J. Chivers. 2003. Preliminary estimates of marine mammal mortality and biological sampling of cetaceans in California gillnet fisheries for 2002. International Whaling Commission, Scientific Committee Paper SC/55/SM3, NMFS, SWFSC.

 

Carretta, J. V., and S. J. Chivers. 2004. Preliminary estimates of marine mammal mortality and biological sampling of cetaceans in California gillnet fisheries for 2003. International Whaling Commission, Scientific Committee Paper SC/56/SM1, NMFS, SWFSC.

 

Carretta, J. V., K. A. Forney, M. M. Muto, J. Barlow, J. Baker, and M. S. Lowry. 2004. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2003. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-358.

 

Carretta, J. V., S. J. Chivers, and K. Danil. 2005. Preliminary estimates of marine mammal bycatch, mortality and biological sampling of cetaceans in California gillnet fisheries for 2004. Administrative Report LJ-05-10, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center.

 

Carretta, J. V., T. Price, D. Petersen, and R. Read. 2005. Estimates of marine mammal, sea turtle and seabird mortality in the California drift gillnet fishery for swordfish and thresher shark, 1996-2002. Marine Fisheries Review 66:21-31.

 

Carretta, J. V., K. A. Forney, M. M. Muto, J. Barlow, J. Baker, B. Hanson, and M. S. Lowry. 2005. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2004. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-375.

 

Carretta, J. V., K. A. Forney, M. M. Muto, J. Barlow, J. Baker, B. Hanson, and M. S. Lowry. 2006. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2005. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-388.

 

Carretta, J. V., K. A. Forney, M. M. Muto, J. Barlow, J. Baker, B. Hanson, and M. S. Lowry. 2007. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2006. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-398.

 

Carretta, J. V., K. A. Forney, M. S. Lowry, J. Barlow, J. Baker, B. Hanson, and M. M. Muto. 2007. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2007. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-414.

 

Carretta, J. V., and L. Enriquez. 2007. Marine mammal and sea turtle bycatch in the California/Oregon thresher shark and swordfish drift gillnet fishery in 2006. SWFSC Admin. Rep. LJ-07-06, LaJolla, CA.

 

**Chivers, S. J. 2002. Age structure of female eastern spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris orientalis) incidentally killed in the eastern tropical Pacific tuna purse-seine fishery. SWFSC Admin. Rep., La Jolla, LJ-02-11, 11 p.

 

Clemens, A. 2006. Annual Report on Seabird Interactions and Mitigation Efforts in the Hawaii-based Longline Fishery for Calendar Year 2005. Administrative Report AR-PIR-05-06, NMFS, Pacific Islands Region, Honolulu, Hawaii.

 

Clausen, D. M., and J. Heifetz. 2002. The Northern Rockfish, Sebastes polyspinis, in Alaska: Commercial Fishery, Distribution, and Biology. Marine Fisheries Review 64:1-28.

 

Conners, M. E., J. Cahalan, S. Gaichas, W. A. Karp, T. Loomis, and J. Watson. 2009. Sampling for estimation of catch composition in Bering Sea trawl fisheries. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-199.

 

Cooper, D. W., K. E. Pearson, and D. R. Gunderson. 2005. Fecundity of shortspine thornyhead (Sebastolobus alascanus) and longspine thornyhead (S. altivelis) (Scorpaenidae) from the northeastern Pacifc Ocean, determined by stereological and gravimetric techniques. Fish. Bull. 103:15-22.

 

**Cowan, D. F., and B. E. Curry. 2002. Histopathological assessment of dolphins necropsied onboard vessels in the eastern tropical Pacific tuna fishery. SWFSC Admin. Rep., La Jolla, LJ-02-24C, 31 p.

 

Craig, P. and D. Owen (1988). Incidental catch of marine mammals and seabirds by domestic groundfish vessels in Alaska. Regional Information Report. Kodiak, Alaska, [ADFG] Alaska Department of Fish and game: 8 p.

 

Craig, V. and J. Cave (1993). Report on the impacts of gill net fishing operations at Salmon Banks (Area 7) on the marbled murrelet and other alcids. Unpublished report, Pacific Salmon Commission.


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D

Dalzell, P., and E. Gilman. 2006. Turtle bycatch mitigation in the Hawaii longline fishery. Report submitted to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, 2nd Scientific Committee Meeting, Manila, Philippines, SC2-EB-WP-13. Go to http://www.wcpfc.org/ & click on Meetings.

 

DeMartini, E. E., J. H. Uchiyama, J. Robert L. Humphreys, J. D. Sampaga, and H. A. Williams. 2007. Age and growth of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) caught by the Hawaii-based pelagic longline fishery. Fishery Bulletin 105:356-367.

 

Dietrich, K. S., E. F. Melvin, and L. Conquest. 2008. Integrated weight longlines with paired streamer lines - Best practice to prevent seabird bycatch in demersal longline fisheries. Biological Conservation 141:1793-1805. Contact kdiet@uw.edu for pdf.

 

**Dew, C. B., and R. A. McConnaughey. 2005. Did trawling in the brood stock contribute to the collapse of Alaska's king crab? Ecol. Appl. 15:919-941.

 

*DiNardo, G. T. (1993). Statistical Guidelines for a pilot observer program to estimate turtle takes in the Hawaii longline fishery, NMFS.

 

*Dorn, M. W. 1991. Spatial and Temporal Patterns in the Catch of Pacific Whiting in the U.S. Management Zone During 1978-88. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS F/NWC-205.

 

*Dorn, M. W., S. M. Fitzgerald, M. A. Guttormsen, and M. R. Loefflad. 1995. An evaluation of North Pacific groundfish observer program methods of haul weight estimation. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-56, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.

 

Dorn, M. W., S. Gaichas, S. M. Fitzgerald, and S. Bibb. 1997. Evaluation of haul weight estimation procedures used by at-sea observers in pollock fisheries off Alaska. AFSC Processed Report 97-07, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.

 

Dorn, M. W., S. K. Gaichas, and S. M. Fitzgerald. 1999. Measuring Total Catch at Sea:Use of a Motion-Compensated Flow Scale to Evaluate Observer Volumetric Methods. North Am. J. Fisheries Mgt. 19:999-1016.

 

Dorn, M. W. DATE. An evaluation of observer coverage levels in Alaska groundfish fisheries. NMFS, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA. Unpublished report.

 

Driscoll, J., C. Robb, and K. Bodtker. 2009. Bycatch in Canada's Pacific Groundfish Bottom Trawl Fishery: Trends and Ecosystem Perspectives. A Report by Living Oceans Society. Living Oceans Society, Sointula, BC.


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E

Eagle, J., S. Newkirk, and B.H. Thompson Jr. 2003. Taking stock of the regional fisheries management councils. Pew Science Series on Conservation and the Environment.

Edwards, A. E. 2008. Annual breeding, biennial breeding and foraging strategies among Laysan albatrosses Phoebastria immutabilis (oral presentation). 4th International Albatross and Petrel Conference, 11-15 August 2008, Cape Town, South Africa.

 

**Edwards, K. D., T. C. Dark, R. French, J. Russell Nelson, and J. Wall. 1981. A Summary of Foreign Pacific Whiting Catches and Trawl Positions in the Washington-California Region, 1977-1980. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS F/NWC-11.

 

Edwards, E. F. 1989. Using tuna-vessel observer data to detect trends in abundance of dolphin populations: History and research to date (1988). NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-122.

 

Edwards, E. F., and P. C. Perkins. 1998. Estimated tuna discard from dolphin, school, and log sets in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, 1989-1992. Fishery Bulletin 96:210-222.

 

Ertsad, P., S. Jeffries, et al. (1994). 1994 preliminary report for areas 7 & 7A Puget Sound fishery observer program: Non-treaty sockeye gillnet fishery. Preliminary report, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife: 8 p.

Ertsad, P., S. Jeffries, et al. (1996). 1994 report for the Puget Sound fishery observer programs in areas 10/11 and 12/12B: Non-treaty chum gillnet fishery. Final report, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.


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F

Faunce, C. H., J. Cahalan, and J. Bonney. 2009. Alternative catch monitoring of Alaskan groundfish - Project F1017 Progress Report. North Pacific Research Board

 

Faunce, C. H. 2011. A comparison between industry and observer catch compositions within the Gulf of Alaska rockfish fishery. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68: 1769-1777.

 

Faunce, C. H., and Barbeaux, S. J. 2011. The frequency and quantity of Alaskan groundfish catcher vessel landings made with and without an observer. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68: 1757- 1763.

 

Felthoven, R. G., C. J. M. Paul, and M. Torres. 2009. Measuring productivity and its components for fisheries: The case of the Alaskan pollock fishery, 1994-2003. Natural Resource Modeling 22:105-136.

 

Ferrero, R. C., D. P. DeMaster, P. S. Hill, M. M. Muto, and A. L. Lopez. 2000. Alaska marine mammal stock assessments, 2000. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-119.

 

Fischer, K., R. M. Suryan, D. D. Roby, and G. R. Balogh. 2008. Post-breeding season marine habitat use of black-footed Phoebastria nigripes and Laysan P. immutabilis albatrosses: Inter-specific variation and implications for overlap with fisheries. 4th International Albatross and Petrel Conference, 11-15 August 2008, Cape Town, South Africa.

 

Fitzgerald, S. M., H. McElderry, H. Hatanaka, Y. Watanabe, J. S. Park, Y. Gong, and S. Yeh. 1993. 1990-91 North Pacific high seas driftnet scientific observer programs. Int. North Pac. Fish. Comm. Bull. 53:77-90.

 

Fitzgerald, S., R. Narita, and K. S. Rivera. 2008. Research - Regulation - Operation: An evaluation of the effectiveness of seabird mitigation requirements in the Alaskan demersal groundfish longline fleet (poster). 4th International Albatross and Petrel Conference, 11-15 August 2008, Cape Town, South Africa.

 

Forney, K. A., M. M. Muto, and J. D. Baker. 1999. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 1999. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-282.

 

Forney, K. A. 2000. Monitoring marine mammal and seabird bycatch in the Monterey area set gillnet fishery. in J. Carless, editor. Ecosystem observations for the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary 1999. Monterey Bay Nat. Mar. Sanct., 299 Foam Street, Monterey, CA 93940.

 

Forney, K. A., J. Barlow, M. M. Muto, M. S. Lowry, J. D. Baker, G. Cameron, Mobley, C. Stinchcomb, and J. V. Carretta. 2000. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2000. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-300.

 

Forney, K. A., S. R. Benson, and G. Cameron. 2001. Central California effort and bycatch of sensitive species, 1990-98. Pages 141-160 in E. F. Melvin and J. K. Parrish, editors. Seabird Bycatch: Trends, Roadblocks and Solutions. University of Alaska Sea Grant, Fairbanks, AK.

 

Forney, K. A., J. V. Caretta, and D. Petersen. 2003. Observer programs to assess marine mammal mortality in U.S. West Coast fisheries. American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting 133.

 

Forney, K. A. 2004. Estimates of cetacean mortality and injury in two U.S. Pacific longline fisheries, 1994-2002. Administrative Report LJ-04-07, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center.

 

Forney, K. A., and D. R. Kobayashi. 2007. Updated estimates of mortality and injury of cetaceans in the Hawaii-based longline fishery, 1994-2005. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SWFSC-412.

 

**Fritz, L. W., A. Greig, and R. F. Reuter. 1998. Catch-per-unit-effort, length, and depth distributions of major groundfish and bycatch species in the Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands, and Gulf of Alaska regions based on groundfish fishery observer data, 179 p. NTIS No. PB98-139298.

 

Fritz, L. W., and E. S. Brown. 2005. Survey- and fishery-derived estimates of Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) biomass: implications for strategies to reduce interactions between groundfish fisheries and Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Fishery Bulletin 103:501-515.


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G

Gilman, E., S. Clarke, N. Brothers, J. Alfaro-Shugueto, J. Mandelman, M. J., S. Petersen, and e. al. 2008. Shark interactions in pelagic longline fisheries. Marine Policy 32:1-18.

 

Gilman, E., D. Kobayashi, T. Swenartonc, N. Brothers, P. Dalzell, and I. Kinan-Kelly. 2007. Reducing sea turtle interactions in the Hawaii-based longline swordfish fishery. Biological Conservation doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.06.002.

 

Gilman, E., D. Kobayashi, T. Swenarton, P. Dalzell, I. Kinan, and N. Brothers. 2006. Analysis of observer data for the Hawaii-based longline swordfish fishery. Report submitted to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, 2nd Scientific Committee Meeting, Manila, Philippines, SC2-EB-IP-1. Go to http://www.wcpfc.org/ & click on Meetings.

 

Gilman, E. L., P. Dalzell, and S. Martin. 2005. Fleet communication to abate fisheries bycatch. Mar. Policy 30:360-366.

 

González-Ochoa, O. A., J. López-Martínez, and N. Y. Hernández-Saavedra. 2009. Population Characteristics of Spotted Rose Snapper Lutjanus guttatus Caught as Shrimp Bycatch in the Gulf of California. Interciencia 34.

 

*Gordon, D. A. 1994. Lingcod fishery and fishery monitoring in southeast Alaska. Alaska Fishery Research Bull. 1:140-152.

 

Gould, P., G. Shugart, et al. (1992). Marine bird voucher specimens from driftnet observer programs in 1990-1991. In: Annual meeting of the International North Pacific Fisheries Commission. Seattle, WA: 5 p.

 

*Guttormsen, M. A., R. Narita, and J. Berger. 1990. Summary of U.S. observer sampling of foreign and joint venture fisheries in the northeast Pacific Ocean and eastern Bering Sea, 1989. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/NWC-189, NMFS Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA.


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H

**Haigh, R., J. Schnute, et al. (2002). At-sea observer coverage for catch monitoring of the British Columbia hook and line fisheries. Nanaimo, BC: Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Research Document 2002/108, 61p.

 

**Haigh, R. and J. T. Schnute (2003). "The Longspine Thornyhead Fishery along the West Coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada: Portrait of a Developing Fishery." N.Am. J. Fish. Mgt. 23: 120-140.

 

Hall, M. A., and P. G. Williams. 2000. Bycatch in the tuna net fisheries. Pages 72-81 in K. Hinman, editor. Getting Ahead of the Curve: Conserving the Pacific Ocean's Tunas, Swordfish, Billfishes and Sharks. National Coalition for Marine Conservation, Leesburg, VA.

 

**Hannah, R. W., and S. A. Jones. 2007. Effectiveness of bycatch reduction devices (BRDs) in the ocean shrimp (Pandalus jordani) trawl fishery. Fisheries Research 85:217-225.

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Trumble, R. J. 1996. Management of Alaskan longline fisheries to reduce halibut bycatch mortality. Pages 183-192 in B. Baxter and S. Keller, editors. Solving Bycatch: Considerations for Today and Tomorrow. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks.

 

Turnock, J., and W. A. Karp. 1997. Estimation of salmon bycatch in the 1995 pollock fishery in the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands - A comparison of methods based on observer sampling and counts of salmon retained by fishing vessels and processing plant personnel. NMFS, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA. Unpublished report.


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USFWS (1993). Biological opinion for commercial net fisheries in Washington State for 1993 all-citizens net fisheries, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.


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Waddell, B. J. and S. McKinnell (1994). Japanese squid driftnet fishery 1988-1990: what the observers saw versus the reported catches in the fleet. A study of flying squid, albacore tuna and Pacific pomfret catch statistics. Nanaimo, British Columbia, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada: 63 p.

 

Wahl, T. R. and S. M. Speich (1980). Marine bird populations in Washington waters, impact documentation and long term monitoring, Washington Dept. of Ecol. and Dept. of Game.

 

Wahl, T. R., et al. (1981). Marine bird populations of the strait of Juan de Fuca, Strait of Georgia and adjacent waters in 1978 and 1979, U.S. Dept. Comm.

 

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